iranian food culture

Iranian food culture

In this article, wants to talk about Iranian food culture. For tourists, Iranian food is another interesting thing which in travel to Iran they prefer to test. Every culture has its own foods we can say that people know that culture with what they usually eat. Therefore the decided to introduce you Persian foods and drinks as the main part of Iranian heritage. The Iranian people have a good taste and the quality of foods are important for them therefore in Iran there is a verity of foods. And every city of Iran has different food habits. If you are interested to know more about Persian meals and snacks, please keep reading this article. By the way, this article has two parts. At the first part of this article I want to describe Iranian food culture and in the second part, I will explain more about our famous foods and drinks.

Introduction to Iranian Food Culture

Iranian food culture is one of the most interesting parts of our relations. In Iran foods and also table-clothe (Sofreh) is highly respectful because it is a place where we serve food and it is reverent. In our culture, we believe that foodstuffs are God gifts; therefore, disparagement to food is equivalent to disrespect to God. Moreover, Sofreh is a place where the family gathers 3 times a day together and interact with each other which this interaction in Persian food culture is valuable and ingesting individually is kind of disrespect to family and its sign of unorganized family relationship. Although having food is individual need but that is social issue and basically people like to eat food together in the family. Let me tell a little about Sofreh. Sofreh is a piece made of fabric or PVC coated material and in Persian culture is a place where people traditionally serve their food on the ground and flatten the Sofreh on the carpet nearly at the center of it and people sit around the Sofreh cross-legged after eating food all the family thanks God for the foods and  his God gifts.  

Iranian are a good cook and they have a wide verity of foods. In cooking they always chose healthiest and nutrients foodstuffs. Also, a Persian chief usually uses meat and rice with different kind of spices the famous one is saffron. For sure you have heard the most famous food of  that is “Chelo Kabab” usually we drink “Dough” which is our traditional beverage. We can say that “Chelo Kabab” is our national food; we will talk about our famous also delicate foods in the next part of this article. We suggest you don’t miss the next part. In your Travel to Iran, you must try I’m sure you will love them.

Every city of Iran have their own foods. But in total whenever foreigners hear the name of this country it resembles them of those that are internationally well known.

Different Meals in Persian food culture

Like other countries, we have three main meals such as breakfast, lunch, and dinner.  Unlike western culture, that they serve an appetizer, main course and desserts at certain interval, Iranian people serves all of them at the same time and eat them respectively. Usually cooking  foods need more time we can’t cook them in a short time. Maybe because of this we set them all together at the food table.

Iranian people for dinner especially whenever they have guests serve their meals in three parts of the main course, desserts, and side dish. We serve soup or eggplant haleem (Haleem Bademjan), Olivier Salad (Salad Olivieh) as an appetizer. Our main meal is a different kind of traditional foods. For desserts, we serve Jelly, yogurts with grated cucumbers, a dish of fresh vegetables, different kind of “torshi”, olive and yogurts we have also two different kinds of salad such as Shirazi salad and lettuce salad with fine decoration on it that looks very pretty.


In the history of Iran, the main food was bread and this is was the main course. Bakeries are other important urban elements of Iran. We have different types of bread such as: “Sangak”, “Barbare”, “Tafton” and “Lavash”.


In Iran for breakfast most of the times we eat bread with butter combined with honey or different kind of jams and also we eat bread with cheese and a slice of tomato and cucumber. Sometimes we eat boiled or fried egg as a breakfast too.

 We have one strange food I think tourists may find it strange but we really like it and that is “Kalle-Pacheh”. Most foreigners hates or even they wondered how people eat that sheep or cow parts which includes head, feet, and stomach. It is a traditional dish and in other middle-east countries. We eat “Kalle-Pache as a breakfast.

Another food that we eat for breakfast is “Haleem” this delicious food is various from one place to another place but we always cook it with wheat and meats or beef of mutton and lamb also sometimes rice is used. Cooking this needs about eight hours of slow cook to blend all spices, meat, wheat, and flavors.     

Persian customs and its cuisines

I have to mention that we have some customs in Iran such as “Yalda night” (its like Thanksgiving) and “New Year Eve” (the night before New Year) we usually cook especial dinner and all family gathers together at grandmother and grandfathers home to celebrate that night with each other. We have many other customs which all family and relatives celebrate it with cooking especial kind of cuisines. This customs shows that Iranian people are social and family-oriented.

Forbidden foods and drinks

In Iranian food culture, it is important that foodstuffs should be Halal according to the Islamic rules and also drinking wine and alcoholic beverages are forbidden.

Hot and Cold Drinks in Iranian food culture

We have 2 kinds of cold and hot drinks. We have lots of cold drinks such as Dough and some sweet beverages that we make them with syrups, sugar, and water and in some of them, we add Chia, Seeds and Hawk we call it Sharbat. Tea is the most popular hot drink of Iranian people. We drink tea with a sugar cube or some traditional sweets. I want to explain more about Persian cold drinks (Sharbat) in the second parts of this article.  

We have 2 kinds of cold and hot drinks. We have lots of cold drinks such as Dough and some sweet beverages that we make them with syrups, sugar, and water and in some of them, we add Chia, Seeds and Hawk we call it Sharbat. Tea is the most popular hot drink of Iranian people. We drink tea with a sugar cube or some traditional sweets. I want to explain more about Persian cold drinks (Sharbat) in the second parts of this article.  

Different kinds of Restaurants in Iran

There are a lot of restaurants, traditional restaurants we call it (Sofreh-Khaneh), barbecued restaurants (Kababe), (Ashkadeh), coffee shops and fast foods restaurants, and also in big cities of Iran such as Tehran, Shiraz, Isfahan, Tabriz we have other nations restaurants.

Names of famous Iranian Restaurants

All cities of Iran have some famous restaurants which they are well-known for serving special cuisine. For example in Tehran “Moslem Chelo Kabab” is famous for serving different kind of Kababs and delicious “Baghali Polo” that is located in Old bazaar of Tehran and also we have some nostalgic places for serving “Ash” and “Haleem”, such as “Seyed Mehdi” which is located in Tajrish square for serving these two delicious foods. Let me tell you that we have “Traditional ice cream” and “Faloodeh” that you can find them only in Iran and enjoy eating them here. The “Gilaneh Resturant” is another pleasant restaurant that you can test cuisines of northern cities of Iran. You can find their lots of different foods such as plates of seafoods and all different kababs in their menu. We will talk about all the different restaurants of each city of Iran later in another article with all the details. “Dizi” is another traditional Persian foods in Iran we have lots of traditional restaurants that serve “Dizi” they have known with name of Dizi-Sara.

Iranian Restaurant menu

In Iran most of the restaurant’s menu lists contains of main meal with side dish and also drinks. Everyone can order them in the restaurant. Some restaurants in Iran have delivery and everyone can order foods at home. Most of traditional restaurants serves wide verity of foods which includes of different kinds of Kabab’s and rice (polo) and some home-made foods and sometimes you can find sea-foods and fried fish’s and in Iranian restaurant menus, they also have appetizer such as different kinds of soups and “Haleem bademjan”, Different kinds of Salad’s, yoghurts with stewed spinach or eggplants, Torshi, olive and etc. In our menu lists especially our traditional restaurants there are soft drinks, water, dough and beer (non-alcoholic) as a drink.

Iranian Restaurant price list

About the price of foods in our restaurants we can say that mid-level restaurant isn’t so much expensive, and the quality and test of foods is good but we have expensive restaurants too. The quality and test of cuisines are excellent and in their menu, you can find any foods with really attractive decoration that encourage everyone to eat and enjoy its taste. 

In the second parts of this article “Iranian food culture“, we will talk about most of our famous and delicate foods and different kinds of cold drinks in Iran. Those are popular internationally as a Persian food that will enjoy.   

Also you can see Iranian food pictures in other articles.
An Iran Lover
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